86. What can coaches legally do?

What can coaches legally do?

Listen Now:

In episode 86, we’ll discuss what online coaches legally do – and not do. 

Spoiler alert: this is all about Scope of practice. 

In this episode, you’ll hear… 

  • What scope of practice is and why it matters
  • What coaches can legally do for their clients
  • How to ensure you stay within your scope of practice
  • Ways to legally grow your coaching business within the confines of your scope 

What is scope of practice?

Scope of practice is a legal term that defines what you can and cannot do, say, and teach in your business based on the laws of your state and the qualifications and certifications you possess. For instance, coaches are not allowed to diagnose, treat, cure, or offer to prevent ailments. I’ve discussed scope of practice at length before in episodes 2 and 69 of the podcast, so if you want to learn more – you know where to go!

Scope of Practice Example (for a Health Coach)

Health coaches, for example, cannot create custom meal plans or tell people what to eat. My suggestion is that coaches should focus on helping their clients better understand the diagnosis their medical professional provided and guide them in making the best choices in alignment with that plan. Coaches can offer resources, create grocery lists, teach meal prep tips, and suggest food swaps — not legal or medical advice.

How to Legally Stay Within Your Scope of Practice

In order to stay within the legal boundaries of coaching, I recommend that coaches have a properly formed business, a solid legal contract, and business insurance. It’s also essential that coaches make sure to stay within their scope of practice on their website, social media, and emails — basically anywhere that you may have an online presence, scope of practice applies.

If you want to learn more about scope of practice and how to stay within the law, I’m offering a live legal training that will cover the five steps you can take to legally protect and grow your online business, which you can sign up for here.

Listen to On Your Terms on your favorite podcast platform

Listen to the show on your favorite podcast player and be sure to follow, and leave a review to help introduce the show to more online business owners just like you!

Resources Discussed in This Episode

If you’re ready to legally protect and grow your online business today, save your seat in my free workshop so you can learn how to take the simple legal steps to protect the business you’ve worked so hard to build. Click here to watch the free workshop so you can get legally legit right now!

Episode Transcript

Download Episode Transcript

Sam Vander Wielen: Hey there, and welcome back to another episode of Sam’s Sidebar, where I tackle your essential legal questions about starting and growing a legally protected online business in ten minutes or less.

So, this week, you’ll hear all about what coaches can legally do. In other words, what they can legally talk about, work on with their clients, offer as services, talk about in terms of content, all that good stuff.

So, this week’s question comes from our listener, Leslie, who asks, “Hi, Sam. I have a question relating to suggesting health and nutrition advice as a health coach. I understand you can only provide specific meal plans if you’re an RD, but how do you communicate -” sorry “- how do you educate or recommend? What’s the language you would use if you do want to talk about nutrition or meals? Can I give them recipes as a suggestion or can I tell them what I would do or what I would normally eat is X, Y, or Z?” Okay. That is a great question, Leslie.

And before we hop in, I want to talk about the fact that this episode is for you even if you’re not in the health and wellness field. First and foremost, I want to clear up the nasty rumor that I do not only work with health and wellness people. I have health and wellness coaches, of course, of all varieties. But I also work with everybody from career coaches, and life coaches, and money coaches, business coaches, all kinds of things, as well as professionals like RDs, and nutritionist, doctors, nurses, all kinds of people. And we work with course creators and bloggers, food blogger, all kinds of things. So, I just wanted to throw that out there.

But, also, because scope of practice is for you if you do anything in the coaching industry. If you talk about life, health, money, dating, business, accounting, legal, anything, you have to know about scope. So, okay, with that, let’s dive in.

Let’s talk about what scope of practice is and why it matters for your business. Scope of practice is just the kind of fancy legal term for what you can legally do, say, and teach in your business based on two different things. One, your state’s laws or all the different state’s laws and regulations. And two, what type or level of education, license, qualification, or certification you have for what you’re talking about in your business.

So, if you’re a coach or you want to be, you can only do what a coach can do. So, even if you have people sign legal agreements saying that they know, for example, that you’re not their doctor, their lawyer, their therapists, their accountant, their nutritionists, you still can’t do things that only those professionals can do.

So, I think sometimes people get confused because they’re like, “Well, I told them I’m a health coach, and then I had them sign a contract that says I’m not their doctor. So then, I went and read their labs. Isn’t that fine?” It’s like, No, no, no. We have to do as we say and say as we do and all that good stuff.

So, what then can coaches do? So, if you know me at all, you know that I always focus more on what we can do and how can we actually grow our businesses within the legal confines of doing so safely. So, the simplest answer about what a coach can do is that a coach can legally educate, empower, encourage – in other words, be a coach – and share resources.

I like to think of a coach as somebody who holds a flashlight in front of their client and maybe even holds their hand and guides them to illuminate their path in front of them to navigate it together. And that the coach is there to support the person as things might pop up along the path. But the coach isn’t telling the client where to walk or what path to take.

So, coaches can’t diagnose, treat, cure, or offer to prevent things when it comes to health and wellness, when it comes to other stuff other than health and wellness, like legal, accounting, business stuff, therapy. We have to be really, really careful that we’re not doing things that those hovering professions above us can do and only they can do.

When it comes to health and wellness of people, too, we can’t create custom plans or tell people what to do. And that goes way beyond health even because we can’t offer to cure somebody’s financial situation with an investment plan if you’re not a certified financial planner. Or we can’t offer to cure their debt following our system or our way of budgeting. So, this goes beyond health and wellness.

It does mean for those of you in health and wellness that you can’t create a meal plan specifically since that’s what Leslie asked about, because that’s telling people what to eat. We can’t tell people where to invest their money because that would be advice. We can’t sell them a supplement because that’s telling them that they need it. You would be basically diagnosing that they need it and then offering some sort of cure or healing treatment through offering up a supplement.

So, I’ll put my health coaching hat back on for a sec. In case you didn’t know, I had my own health coaching business when I left the law for about a year. And I’ll tell you how I did it or how I would do it now.

So, let’s say somebody came to me and they had been diagnosed by their physician or a medical professional with diabetes, and they’ve been told now to follow a low carb plan. But the doctor kind of forgot to mention what a carb was and our client doesn’t know either. So, as their coach, I could help them to better understand what foods fall under carb, what foods are protein, what’s fat. And I can help them to make choices that are in alignment with the diagnosis and the kind of the care plan – the low carb plan in this example – that are following that doctor’s recommendation.

Now, by the way, as an aside, I’m not saying I support or don’t support this low carb or any of this stuff. I was just trying to come up with an example.

But I would also help them to maybe come up with a grocery list, teach them some shopping trips. I would teach them probably meal prep tips about how they could better prepare their food during the week so that they could be prepared, because, you know, maybe a lot of low carb options take more time. Or I would teach them about cauliflower rice as an awesome swap for regular rice, something like that.

The truth is that people are so confused and overwhelmed about their businesses, their health, their careers, their love lives, everything that they need your help. They need you. And so, sure, you might not be able to give them, like, a meal plan or financial advice. But your ideal client, that’s probably not what they need, to be honest. They really need you to help them to self-actualize. They need to be empowered with the information that they need to succeed so that they don’t need you by their side for the rest of their lives because they’re going to need to make these kinds of choices when they’re out and about or in the real life.

So, in terms of what you would need to have in place to legally cover yourself, even if you’re staying within your scope of practice, well, you would have to have a properly formed business, probably an LLC, if that’s the best choice for you. A solid legal contract with all of your customers and clients, that, yes, of course, it would have language in there saying that you’re not their doctor or you’re not their lawyer or whatever, that would be very important.

And then, now that you’ve listened to this, you know that you also have to do that. We would also get you business insurance that would cover your financial expenses in your business if you were ever to be sued. And you would learn your scope to make sure you’re staying within your scope of practice on your website, in your social posts and emails.

If you want to dive even deeper into this topic of scope of practice, really figure out what your scope of practice is and how to stay within it, I recommend going back and listening to Episode 2 and Episode 69 of my podcast, On Your Terms, because I dove really deep. So, you’re going to want to start with 2, that was the first part. And the second part was Episode 69.

I also teach you all of this inside of the Ultimate Bundle. I’ve got entire trainings dedicated to scope of practice inside the Bundle, and I give you all of those contracts and policies that you need to cover you, too.

I’ve also got big news for you as we wrap up today. My first live legal training of the year happens in less than two weeks. If you liked today’s episode, you’ll want to go save your seat to How To Legally Protect Your Online Business, my all new live legal training that will cover the five simple steps that you need to take to legally protect yourself, your business’s money, and your future before it’s too late. You can register now in the link below for free. I can’t wait to see you there. I’ll even be taking questions live at the end. If you can’t make any of the live times, be sure to sign up anyway because you’ll get the replay, and that’s the only way to get the replay.

Thank you so much for joining me on this episode of Sam’s Sidebar. Check out the show notes below for related blog posts, resources, and episodes of On Your Terms. I post every single Monday and Thursday. Thank you so much. If you have a question that you want me to answer any future Sam’s Sidebar episode, submit it using the link in the show notes. Thanks so much. I’ll see you next week.

Thanks so much for listening to the On Your Terms Podcast. Make sure to follow on Apple Podcasts, Spotify, or wherever you like to listen to podcasts. You can also check out all of our podcast episodes, show notes, links, and more at samvanderwielen.com/podcast. You can learn more about legally protecting your business and take my free legal workshop, Five Steps to Legally Protect and Grow Your Online Business at samvanderwielen.com. And to stay connected and follow along, follow me on Instagram, @samvanderwielen, and send me a DM to say hi.

Just remember that although I am a attorney, I am not your attorney and I am not offering you legal advice in today’s episode. This episode and all of my episodes are informational and educational only. It is not a substitute for seeking out your own advice from your own lawyer. And please keep in mind that I can’t offer you legal advice. I don’t ever offer any legal services. But I think I offer some pretty good information.



  • Read Sam’s Blog for the latest legal tips, podcast episodes & behind the scenes of building her seven-figure business.
  • Listen to our customer stories to see how getting legally legit has helped 1,000s of entrepreneurs grow their own businesses.



  • Kajabi // use Kajabi to sell your course, program, or even build your entire website. Get a 30-day free trial with my link.
  • SamCart // what I use for my checkout pages and payment processing and LOVE. And no, not because it’s my name.
  • ConvertKit // what I use to build my email list, send emails to my list, and create opt-in forms & pages.

DISCLAIMER: Although Sam is an attorney she doesn’t practice law and can’t give you legal advice. All episodes of On Your Terms are educational and informational only. The information discussed here isn’t legal advice and isn’t intended to be. The info you hear here isn’t a substitute for seeking legal advice from your own attorney.

© 2022 Sam Vander Wielen LLC | All Rights Reserved | Any use of this intellectual property owned by Sam Vander Wielen LLC may not be used in connection with the sale or distribution of any content (free or paid, written or verbal), product, and/or service by you without prior written consent from Sam Vander Wielen LLC.

AFFILIATE LINKS: Some of the links we share here may be affiliate links, which means we may make a small financial reward for referring you, without any cost difference to you. You’re not obligated to use these links, but it does help us to share resources. Thank you for supporting our business!

On Your Terms is a production of Nova Media

Join The Conversation

So What Do you think?

Share Your Thoughts

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Register for my FREE legal training

5 Steps To Legally Protect & Grow Your Online Business


You May also like